The Tokyo Olympic Video games are a yr late, however they’re lastly right here. Though spectators won’t be allowed within the stands at most occasions, the TV cameras shall be there to movie each second because the nations of the world come collectively to compete.
The Olympic Video games begin on Friday, July 23, 2021—precisely one yr after they have been supposed to start. Because of this—and as seen on the Euro 2020 soccer championship that ended on July 11—the Video games are nonetheless being described because the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.
When the Video games have been rescheduled, it was introduced that solely home followers could be allowed to attend, as a part of efforts to include the unfold of COVID-19.
Nevertheless, the organizers modified their plans in July, after the Japanese authorities declared a COVID-19 state of emergency in Tokyo and the encompassing Kanto area. Now no spectators shall be allowed at occasions going down in Tokyo, however all occasions shall be televised.
The Video games end on Sunday, August 8.
A Temporary Historical past of the Olympic Video games
The Olympic Video games have their roots in Historic Greece, with the primary races believed to have taken place in Olympia in 776 BC. The Video games have been devoted to the god Zeus and occurred each 4 years—a time period that grew to become often known as an Olympiad.
Athletes have been solely permitted to participate in the event that they have been of Greek origin, freeborn and male—till the Roman invasion of 146 BC.
The occasions in these historic Video games included working—each pace and endurance exams—and varied types of fight equivalent to wrestling, boxing and pankration, an historic martial artwork. There was additionally an historic pentathlon, which included very totally different occasions to these we see within the fashionable sport.
There have been equestrian occasions, too, equivalent to horse and chariot racing.
The final recorded historic Video games occurred in 393 AD, though it’s believed by some historians that they continued after this date.
Centuries later, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, took inspiration from the traditional Video games to arrange the Worldwide Olympic Committee.
The IOC’s first fashionable Olympic Video games occurred in Athens in 1896. American James Connolly grew to become the primary Olympic champion of the trendy period with a triple bounce win on April 6, 1896.
The 1900 Video games in Paris have been the primary to permit ladies to compete.
Essentially the most embellished Olympian of all time is American swimmer Michael Phelps, with 28 medals. In second place is gymnast Larisa Latynina, who gained 18 medals competing for the Soviet Union within the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties.
Phelps has additionally gained essentially the most gold medals in Olympic historical past, essentially the most gold medals in a single version of the Video games, and essentially the most medals and gold medals in particular person occasions.
Workforce U.S.A. may also boast the oldest and youngest feminine gold medalists—63-year-old archer Eliza Pollock, who competed in 1904, and Marjorie Gestring, a 13-year-old diver who gained in 1936.
All of the Occasions on the 2020 Olympics
There will not be any chariot racing on the Tokyo Video games, however there shall be a lot to entertain followers. Listed here are all of the sports activities represented within the 2020 Olympics:
- 3×3 basketball
- Creative gymnastics
- Creative swimming
- Seashore volleyball
- BMX freestyle
- BMX racing
- Canoe/kayak flatwater
- Canoe/kayak slalom
- Marathon swimming
- Fashionable pentathlon
- Mountain bike
- Rhythmic gymnastics
- Highway biking
- Sport climbing
- Desk tennis
- Monitor biking
- Water polo
The 5 new sports activities for the 2020 Video games are browsing, skateboarding, karate, baseball/softball and sport climbing.
Inside climbing, there shall be three disciplines: pace climbing, bouldering and lead climbing. Browsing will embody just one type, the place surfers are judged and compete in a warmth system.
Skateboarding could have two occasions: park and avenue, and skaters may even be scored by judges. Karate will embody kata, which is type, and kumite, which is sparring.