Tokyo Olympics: What You Must Know

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After a yr’s delay, the Tokyo Summer season Olympics are set to proceed. The world’s finest athletes will as soon as once more compete within the pool, on the observe, across the velodrome and excessive above the trampoline. However the circumstances might be most uncommon.

Right here’s what we all know concerning the Video games.

Sure. However the Video games are nonetheless known as Tokyo 2020.

The Summer season Video games, initially scheduled for Tokyo in July and August 2020, have been delayed for a yr due to the coronavirus pandemic. The Video games at the moment are scheduled to proceed from July 23 to Aug. 8, 2021. (There might be a number of preliminary occasions on July 21 and 22.)

The Paralympics, additionally delayed by a yr, are to happen Aug. 24 to Sept. 5.

In contrast to different current hosts, notably Rio de Janeiro in 2016, it seems that Tokyo has its stadiums and infrastructure so as, though surprises generally come up when athletes begin arriving.

Not many. Spectators have been barred from most occasions, a call made two weeks earlier than the Video games after a brand new state of emergency was declared in Tokyo in response to rising coronavirus instances.

Organizers had already introduced in March that the majority worldwide guests wouldn’t be allowed to return to Japan for the Olympics.

That may imply largely empty stadiums and an eerie ambiance acquainted to American followers who watched baseball, basketball and different sports activities through the top of the pandemic.

The Olympics had by no means been postponed, however they have been canceled by two world wars. The 1916 Video games have been inconveniently scheduled for Berlin when World Conflict I broke out. The 1940 Winter Video games have been scheduled for — dangerous timing once more — Sapporo, Japan. When that clearly wasn’t going to work, they have been rescheduled … for Germany. For sure, these Video games, and the Summer season Video games, which have been in some way scheduled for Tokyo, didn’t occur. The Winter and Summer season Video games in Italy and Britain in 1944 by no means occurred both.

Sure, the relay obtained underway in Fukushima, Japan, on March 25. Spectators have been allowed to attend solely of their residence areas, and cheering was forbidden alongside the routes. Some torchbearers, together with some celebrities, pulled out of the occasion. And the operating of the torch via Tokyo has been changed with a sequence of ceremonies closed to the general public.

Tokyo is 13 hours forward of Japanese time (you may test your time zone right here). Which means many large occasions might be at awkward instances for People: The opening ceremony begins at 8 p.m. Japan time, 7 a.m. in New York (and 4 a.m. in Los Angeles). Massive observe and gymnastics occasions will fall round breakfast for a lot of American viewers. However the swimming schedules are flipped: The finals might be within the morning Japan time, and prime time in the USA.

Right here’s a information to the main occasions of the Video games and what instances they’ll be occurring. You may also discover the official schedule of each competitors on the Tokyo Olympics web site.

The Summer season and Winter Olympics alternate each two years. Due to the delay within the 2020 Summer season Video games, the 2022 Winter Video games will observe the Tokyo Olympics by solely six months. The Summer season Video games will return in 2024.

The custom of the Olympics being held each 4 years was borrowed from the traditional Olympics in Greece, which began in 776 B.C. and continued quadrennially till A.D. 394.

Beijing will host the Winter Video games in 2022, changing into the primary metropolis to host the Summer season and Winter Video games. (The Summer season Video games have been there in 2008.)

The Summer season Video games might be in Paris in 2024 and Los Angeles in 2028. The 2026 Winter Video games might be in Milan and Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy. The host metropolis for the 2030 Winter Video games might be chosen in 2023.

As soon as earlier than, in 1964. Japan additionally hosted the Winter Video games in Sapporo in 1972 and Nagano in 1998.

Two vital Olympics officers have left their posts after making sexist remarks. In February, the president of the Tokyo Olympic organizing committee, Yoshiro Mori, resigned after saying that ladies discuss an excessive amount of in conferences. The Olympics inventive director, Hiroshi Sasaki, stop in March after calling a well-liked comic and plus-size designer, Naomi Watanabe, “Olympig.”

Miraitowa is the mascot of the Video games, and Someity is the Paralympics mascot. The title Miraitowa is drawn from the Japanese phrases for “future” and “eternity.” Someity’s title is taken from a sort of cherry tree. You’ll have to evaluate for your self what animals or creatures they resemble.

Baseball and softball return after a 13-year absence. The brand new sports activities are karate, browsing, sport climbing and skateboarding.

Some new occasions have been added to conventional sports activities, too, together with three-on-three basketball and Madison biking, a two-person staff occasion. A number of sports activities might be including relays or different competitions for combined gender groups, together with observe, swimming, triathlon, archery and desk tennis.

In all, these Video games will function practically three dozen sports activities. Right here’s a information to all of them.

An occasion by which athletes climb numerous kinds of partitions. The disciplines are velocity, bouldering and lead.

Sure, within the ocean off Shidashita Seashore, about 40 miles from Tokyo. The waves might be considerably smaller than a number of the most well-known waves in locations like Tahiti, Hawaii and Australia. Surfers will have the ability to exhibit acrobatics and expertise greater than they might on bigger waves.

Whereas wrestling was at one level dropped from the 2020 Video games, it was ultimately reinstated, so no sports activities might be lacking. A handful of males’s occasions in numerous sports activities have been dropped in favor of girls’s occasions to deliver the Video games nearer to total gender parity.

The Worldwide Olympic Committee chooses which sports activities to incorporate within the Video games. The committee seems to be for sports activities with worldwide reputation and tries to present totally different areas a number of sports activities every that they will reach. Gender fairness has additionally been a main concern of the committee for a number of a long time, with sports activities like boxing and wrestling including girls’s competitors this century.

Sure and no. After proof emerged of state-sponsored doping on the 2014 Sochi Olympics, Russia was banned from worldwide sport for 4 years in December 2019, though that ban was later lower in half.

Just like their inclusion on the 2018 Olympics, some Russian athletes with no doping background might be allowed to compete on the Tokyo Olympics, however they won’t formally symbolize their nation. They are going to be listed as an alternative as representing the “Russian Olympic Committee.” The Russian anthem is not going to be performed, and the Russian flag is not going to be displayed.

Each particular person and staff athletes from Russia could compete, in the event that they meet the standards; Russia has certified a staff in girls’s water polo, for instance.

No. It’ll skip the Video games “to guard our athletes from the worldwide well being disaster attributable to the malicious virus an infection,” mentioned a government-run web site.

North Korea has participated in each Summer season Video games since 1972 aside from 1984 in Los Angeles, when it joined a Soviet boycott, and 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. North Korean athletes have gained 16 gold medals.

There is no such thing as a prize cash from the Worldwide Olympic Committee for winners. However many nationwide federations give funds to athletes for successful medals. In 2018, for instance, the USA Olympic Committee awarded athletes $37,500 for successful a gold medal, $22,500 for silver and $15,000 for bronze.

In 1896, when a Frenchman, Pierre de Coubertin, started a revival of the traditional Greek Video games. The primary Olympics, held in Athens, included solely male opponents, contesting 9 sports activities.

The 5 rings, of blue, yellow, black, inexperienced and purple, date to 1912 and have been designed by de Coubertin. The colours have been chosen so that each flag on the planet would have not less than one matching colour.

The rationale there are 5 rings is murky: They might symbolize the 5 populated continents, or the 5 Olympic Video games that had been staged on the time they have been designed. There is no such thing as a specific which means for any particular person ring.

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