The 125 year-rich legacy of Visakhapatnam Railway Station


Which iconic establishment got here first in Vizag, the Port or the Railway Station?’ Intrigued, particularly for the reason that Visakhapatnam Station was formally celebrating its one hundred and twenty fifth anniversary, we reached out to Edward Paul, an knowledgeable who’s captivated with Vizag’s historical past.

In response to V Edward Paul, historic items of proof present that in twelfth century AD, ‘Vizagapatam’ was a mercantile city with a flourishing port. Commerce ships from the Center East and Rome dropped anchor right here; lengthy earlier than the British had set foot on Indian soil. However the Bengal-Nagpur Railway (BNR) is credited with constructing the Vizagapatnam Port between 1927 and 1933, particularly within the land locked Internal Harbour. The existence and subsequent dependence of the East India Firm on the Port and town’s strategic location alongside the coast between ‘Madras’ and ‘Calcutta’ resulted within the institution of the Railways and Waltair station in Vizagapatnam. In 1893, the primary items prepare chugged out from the Vizagapatnam station, and a yr later, in 1894, the primary passenger prepare departed.

Origins

The East India Firm, which introduced railways to India, first began their rail initiatives at three main ports – previously generally known as Bombay, Calcutta and Madras within the 1850s. Consequently, the British Indian Authorities deliberate to attach these three main ports with the remainder of the nation for simpler, faster and cheaper motion of products for export and import.

Vizagapatnam was recognized as a serious junction halfway between Calcutta and Madras. A railway line needed to be laid in between Tadepalli on the south financial institution of the Krishna River and Barang close to Cuttack. Main bridges spanning the Krishna and Godavari rivers needed to be deliberate and constructed as a part of the railway line. An organization was fashioned in 1888, within the identify of ‘East Coast State Railway’, which was a authorities enterprise devoted for enterprise development work on this stretch. The corporate needed to join two current ‘traces’ – the Cuttack-Khurda Highway-Puri line and the junction of the Southern Maratha Railway and Nizam’s Assured State Railway in Vijayawada.

Zones and Divisions

In 1896, Vizagapatnam Railways and Port got here beneath the newly constituted Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR). Waltair quickly turned a strategic terminal junction level in dealing with the cargo out and in of Vizag Port on rail routes to the hinterland. ‘Waltair Railway Division’ continued to be beneath the administration management of BNR until April 1952, after which it turned part of the Japanese Railway. In 1955, the Indian Railways reorganised the zones for administrative comfort. The Waltair Division was added to the South Japanese Railway. The current East Coast Railway zone of the Indian Railways got here into existence on 1 April 2003. The geographical jurisdiction of the railway extends over three states encompassing virtually all elements of Odisha together with elements of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam districts of North Japanese Andhra Pradesh. It consists of the Bastar and Dantewada districts of Chhattisgarh State as effectively.

Recollections of a bygone period

The Waltair Railway Division celebrated the one hundred and twenty fifth anniversary of the passage of its first prepare. Again within the day, the Vizagapatnam City Railway Station was positioned close to Lakshmi Talkies (Previous Publish Workplace) within the Previous City space. Trains usually terminated at Waltair (current Visakhapatnam Station) and a shuttle with one or two coaches would ferry passengers additional on to the City Station. The shuttle was colloquially known as the ‘Duplicate’. Solely goods-trains for the Port and the Raipur Passenger originated and terminated on the outdated station. The ‘Duplicate’ prepare was in style not solely amongst the out-of-town passengers, but additionally with locals.

It was a handy mode of transport for residents close to the Waltair Station. In 1973, the City Railway Station within the Previous City space was deserted rather than the extra centrally positioned Waltair Station. It was additionally renamed because the Visakhapatnam Railway Terminal Station. Even right now one can spot the railway traces that snake as much as the deserted Vizagapatnam City Station. The world was leased to the Container Company of India (Concor) until not too long ago. Lots of the metropolis’s older era are eager to see this deserted station spruced up and given items of proof heritage standing.

The cash-making division

Waltair Division is headquartered in Visakhapatnam metropolis and is one among the many 5 highest-earning railway divisions within the nation. The jurisdiction of the division, which is presently beneath the East Coast Railway (ECoR) Zone, extends over three States – Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Chhattisgarh. The Duvvada-Visakhapatnam-Palasa major line, Koraput- Rayagada, Rayagada-Vizianagaram, Kothavalasa- Kirandole and Noupada- Gunupur railway traces fall beneath the Waltair Division. A busy division, it has earned many accolades through the years, and we hope that it’s going to cross many extra milestones.



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