Fascinating info about 29 Indian states and seven Union Territories with their capitals


India, a union of states, is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of presidency. The President is the constitutional head of Government of the Union.

Within the states, the Governor, because the consultant of the President, is the top of Government.

The system of presidency in states intently resembles that of the Union.

There are 29 states and 7 Union Territories within the nation.

Union Territories are administered by the President via an administrator appointed by him/her.

Let’s check out the states and their capitals:

1. Andhra Pradesh – Amravati

Amravati metropolis plan. (Picture: Amravati.gov.in)

  • Hyderabad was the previous capital of Andhra Pradesh nevertheless it acquired changed by Amravati, folks’s capital. The inspiration stone was laid on October 22, 2015.
  • The Buddhist Stupa at Amravati is the largest stupa within the nation with a diameter of fifty meters and a top of 27 meters
  • Recognising Amravati’s historical Buddhist roots, the builders additionally plan to a design the Excessive Courtroom in a manner that it resembles the Buddhist Stupa
  • In response to the timeline of this mega challenge, Andhra’s capital can be populated and useful solely by 2024, i.e after the top of its second part, when a lot of the buildings, industrial institutions, universities, and the central enterprise district will turn into operational. The third and last part is predicted to be accomplished by 2029.

2. Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar

Gompa at Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since April 20, 1974
  • Arunachal Pradesh is India’s largest state within the Northeast.

3. Assam – Dispur

Distant view of Brahmaputra river at Assam, India. (Getty Photos)

  • Initially, Shillong was the capital of Assam however acquired changed by Dispur in 1972
  • Dispur is a locality or suburb in Guwahati metropolis that’s the reason Guwahati is sometimes called the capital metropolis of Assam.

4. Bihar – Patna

Patna Museum in Bihar, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Patna is the biggest metropolis of the state of Bihar, nineteenth most populous metropolis and the fifth quickest rising metropolis within the nation
  • Being a spot of a number of strip rivers, together with Sone, Gandak, and Punpun, Patna is named the biggest riverine metropolis on this planet
  • In 1912, Patna grew to become the capital of the British province of Orissa and Bihar until 1935 when Orissa grew to become a separate state
  • Most notable Satyagraha actions of Mahatma Gandhi specifically the Champaran motion in opposition to the Indigo plantation and the 1942 Give up India Motion have been began from this metropolis.

5. Chhattisgarh – Atal Nagar (Naya Raipur)

Swagat Vatika on the Naya Raipur entrance. (Picture: Naya Raipur Growth Authority)

  • Chhattisgarh’s new capital Naya Raipur can be renamed as Atal Nagar in reminiscence of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • The announcement was made by Chhattisgarh’s chief minister, Raman Singh, on August 21, 2018
  • Raipur was the previous capital of Chhattisgarh. The city of Raipur has been in existence because the ninth century.

6. Goa – Panaji

Fontainhas is the previous Portuguese quarter of Panaji. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Panaji is often known as Panjim in English, Ponnji in Konkani, and Pongim in Portuguese
  • After Independence, Indian Military attacked Goa together with Panaji and uprooted the Portuguese controls in 1961. Thereafter, Goa was merged with India as a Union Territory
  • It was declared as a state of India in 1987 together with Panaji because the capital of Goa

7. Gujarat – Gandhinagar

Aerial view of Maha aarti being held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. (Picture: gandhinagarportal.com)

  • In 1960, the Indian state of Bombay was cut up into two states, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The town of Mumbai was given to Maharashtra, leaving Gujarat and not using a capital metropolis
  • At the moment, Ahmedabad was chosen to be the primary capital of the newly created state
  • It was later proposed {that a} new capital metropolis needs to be constructed for the state alongside the traces of the opposite two deliberate cities of India, Chandigarh, and Bhubaneshwar
  • Gandhinagar acquired its title from the Father of the Nation.

8. Haryana – Chandigarh

Chandi Mata temple in Chandigarh, India. (Picture: chandimatatemple.com)

  • Chandigarh derives its title from the temple of ‘Chandi Mandir’ situated within the neighborhood of the positioning chosen for the town. The deity ‘Chandi’, the goddess of energy and a fort of ‘garh’ mendacity past the temple gave the town its title ‘stronghold of the goddess Chandi
  • With the partition of India in 1947, the previous British province of Punjab was divided into two components. The bigger western half, together with the Punjabi capital of Lahore, grew to become part of Pakistan
  • The jap half was granted to India, nevertheless it was with out an administrative, industrial, or cultural centre
  • Plans to discover a appropriate web site for the capital of the brand new Indian Punjab have been undertaken quickly after the partition
  • The Indian authorities after contemplating a number of choices chosen Chandigarh because the capital in 1948.

9. Himachal Pradesh – Shimla/Dharamshala

An summary of the stadium throughout the 2010 DLF Indian Premier League T20 match at Himachal Pradesh Cricket Affiliation Stadium, Dharamsala, India (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Jammu and Kashmir just isn’t the one state with two capitals anymore. In 2017, Dharamsala was declared as HP’s winter capital, which implies it’s going to have two capital cities i.e. Shimla and Dharamshala
  • Dharamshala can also be the hometown of Tibetan non secular chief Dalai Lama.

10. Jammu and Kashmir – Srinagar/Jammu

Vacationers get pleasure from shikara trip on the waters of Dal Lake in Srinagar, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Jammu and Kashmir was the one state having two capital cities till 2017. In Jammu and Kashmir, yearly there’s a shift of the secretariat and all different authorities workplaces from Srinagar to Jammu and vice versa
  • This bi-annual shift is named Darbar transfer. From Could to October, all the federal government workplaces are housed in Srinagar which is the summer time capital of the state and from November to April, the workplaces are housed in Jammu which is the winter capital of the state
  • The Jammu and Kashmir Excessive Courtroom additionally transfer from Srinagar to Jammu in winters and from Jammu to Srinagar in summers.

11. Jharkhand – Ranchi

Individuals having fun with on the Rock Backyard, Ranchi, the place there’s a duplicate of the pyramid of Giza. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Jharkhand is likely one of the richest mineral zones on this planet and boasts of 40 per cent and 29 per cent of India’s mineral and coal reserves respectively
  • Jharkhand is the one state in India to supply coking coal, uranium and pyrite.

12. Karnataka – Bengaluru

Infosys Campus, Bangalore, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Bangalore, formally often called Bengaluru, is the capital of south Indian state, Karnataka. After India’s independence in 1947, Bengaluru grew to become the capital of Mysore State and remained its capital until the brand new Indian state of Karnataka was fashioned in 1956
  • Bengaluru is often known as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’ due to its position because the nation’s main info expertise (IT) exporter
  • Indian technological organizations, corresponding to ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are headquartered within the metropolis.

13. Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram

Napier Museum, Artwork and pure historical past museum, at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. India. (Photos: Getty Photos)

  • Thiruvananthapuram, previously often called Trivandrum, is the capital of Kerala state
  • This clear metropolis is constructed on seven hills, known as as Thiru-Anantha-Puram, that means ‘the city of Lord Anantha’.

14. Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal

Chhath competition at Higher Lake, Bhopal, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Bhopal was based by King Bhoja within the eleventh century. The town was thus named ‘Bhoj-pal’ and later got here to be often called Bhopal
  • Bhopal is often known as the ‘metropolis of lakes’ for its numerous pure in addition to synthetic lakes. Bhopal lake, often called the higher lake is the oldest man-made lake in India.

15. Maharashtra – Mumbai

Marine Drive aka the Queen’s Necklace, in Mumbai, India. (Photos: Getty Photos)

  • Mumbai was previously often called Bombay until 1995. Mumbai is the monetary, industrial and leisure capital of India
  • It’s also one of many world’s prime ten centres of commerce by way of international monetary move, producing 6.16 per cent of India’s GDP.

16. Manipur – Imphal

Moms Market, Imphal, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Ima Keithal market in Imphal might be the world’s solely all-women run market. In Manipuri, Ima means mom and Keithal means market, so it is named ‘Moms market’
  • Solely married ladies are allowed to commerce and run the stalls on this multi-ethnic 500-year-old market, a privilege that’s handed on from one era of Manipuri ladies to the one other.

17. Meghalaya – Shillong

Common view of the hills, the caves, the waterfalls, the streams of Shillong, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya, is the one hill station that’s accessible from all sides. In 1874, it grew to become the capital of composite Assam below British rule
  • In 1972, after the formation of Meghalaya as an impartial state, Shillong grew to become its capital

18. Mizoram – Aizawl

Artist from Mizoram state performs a bamboo dance on the second day of the state annual Hornbill Competition in Kohima. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Aizawl is the political and cultural centre of Mizoram. It’s right here that the State Legislature is located
  • It’s also the industrial hub of the state and all industrial and financial actions are centered across the metropolis.

19. Nagaland – Kohima

A Jhum cultivation subject is seen amidst inexperienced forest at Tseminyu, India northeastern state of Nagaland. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe
  • The title, Kohima, was formally given by the British as they may not pronounce the Angami title Kewhima or Kewhira, which comes from the Kewhi flowers, that are discovered throughout within the mountains
  • Earlier, Kohima was often known as Thigoma.

20. Odisha (Orissa) – Bhubaneswar

Pinnacles adorning Rajarani Temple, Bhubaneswar, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • In 1948, Bhubaneswar changed Cuttack because the capital of Odisha
  • It’s also popularly often called the ‘temple metropolis of India’.

21. Punjab – Chandigarh

An aerial view of Zakir Hussain Rose Backyard throughout the Rose Competition in Chandigarh, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Chandigarh as a Union Territory was constituted on November 1, 1966, when the Indian Punjab was reorganised alongside linguistic traces into two new states- Haryana and Punjab
  • Straddled between Haryana and Punjab, the town of Chandigarh was made the shared capital of the 2 states and of the Union Territory itself.

22. Rajasthan – Jaipur

Amer Fort, Jaipur, Rajasthan. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Jaipur is popularly often called the ‘Pink metropolis of Rajasthan,’ due to its pink colored buildings
  • It was constructed within the 18th century by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II and was the primary deliberate metropolis of India.

23. Sikkim – Gangtok

Tsomgo Lake, Gangtok, Sikkim, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • The title Gangtok is derived from a Tibetan phrase, which implies ‘hilltop’ or ‘prime of the hill’
  • With the presence of a number of monasteries, centres for tibetology and spiritual academic establishments, Gangtok is a well-known centre of Tibetan Buddhist tradition.

24. Tamil Nadu – Chennai

Kapaleeshwarar Temple, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Chennai, previously often called Madras Patnam, is 380 years previous. From a stretch of no man’s land in 1639, it has grown to turn into a significant industrial, enterprise and cultural centre
  • Chennai Company initially known as as Madras municipal company is the oldest Municipal Company in India established in 1688.

25. Telangana – Hyderabad

Hyderabad’s hottest monument, Charminar, was in-built 1591 AD. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Telangana was constituted because the twenty ninth state of India on June 2, 2014
  • Hyderabad was the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh till 2015
  • Now, Hyderabad is simply the capital of Telangana.

26. Tripura – Agartala

The Goddess within the hills of Unokoti seen carved within the rock hosts an historical Shaivite place of worship with large rock reliefs celebrating Shiva. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Agartala is a part of two phrases — specifically Agar, a form of oily priceless fragrance tree and tala, a storehouse
  • The proportion of literacy in Agartala, in accordance with 2011 census, was 93.88, larger than the nationwide literacy charge.

27. Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow

Bara Imambara, Lucknow, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Lucknow is popularly often called ‘The Metropolis of Nawabs’. It’s also often called the Golden Metropolis of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Constantinople of India
  • Lucknow was the epicenter of the 1857 Battle of Independence.

28. Uttarakhand – Dehradun

Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall go to the Indian Navy Academy in Dehradun, India.(Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Dehradun is talked about within the Ramayana and Mahabharata within the historical puranic tales making it one of many oldest cities of India
  • Dehradun can also be known as because the Abode of Guru Drona
  • The Central Braille Press in Dehradun is the biggest producer of Braille textbooks in India.

29. West Bengal – Kolkata

A tram, embellished with footage of the legendary singer and actor Kishore Kumar shifting via numerous components of the town in Kolkata, India. (Picture: Getty Photos)

  • Till 1911, Kolkata was the capital of India as a consequence of its commerce significance throughout the British Rule in India. Later, Delhi was made the capital of India
  • In 2001 the town’s title was formally modified from Calcutta to Kolkata. A legacy of the Raj, Kolkata is likely one of the fewest cities on this planet to have retained the custom of Tram
  • Although these are slowly rumbling into historical past, however Trams proceed to fascinate many, together with vacationers from different cities
  • Birla Planetarium in Kolkata is the biggest planetarium in Asia and second largest on this planet. Kolkata is the one metropolis to have hand-pulled rickshaws in India

Now let’s check out Union Territories and their capitals

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Port Blair

The surroundings of Andaman and Nicobar islands on the word.

  • The most important sea turtles on this planet, Dermocheleys Coriacea, nest within the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • The surroundings on our pink colored 20 rupee word depicts a pure scene on the Andaman and Nicobar islands
  • The one lively volcano in India is current in Andaman

2. Chandigarh – Chandigarh

3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli – Silvassa

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli lies close to the west coast and consists of two separate components. Dadra is surrounded by the state of Gujarat, and Nagar Haveli lies on the borders of Maharashtra and Gujarat
  • It was a Portuguese colony until 1779 and have become part of Unbiased India in 1954
  • Until 1961, it was self-governing and operated independently. then, in the identical yr i.e. 1961, it grew to become a union territory of India
  • Presently, Dadra and Nagar Haveli has illustration in each homes of the Indian parliament
  • Dudhni lake in Silvassa is famously known as ‘Kashmir of the West’

4. Daman and Diu – Daman

  • Goa, Daman, and Diu have been integrated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by army conquest
  • The territory of Goa, ‘Daman, and Diu’ was administered as a single union territory till 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory.

5. Lakshadweep – Kavaratti

  • Kavaratti Island is the bottom for INS Deeprakashak, an important Indian Navy Base
  • Kavaratti has been an vital Indian Navy Base because the 1980’s. Nonetheless, INS Deeprakashak was commissioned within the yr 2012.

6. Delhi (Nationwide Capital Territory) – Delhi

  • New Delhi is each the capital and middle of the federal government of India in addition to the middle of the Nationwide Capital Territory of Delhi
  • In 1991 the Structure Act modified the Union Territory of Delhi to the Nationwide Capital Territory of Delhi.

7. Puducherry (Pondicherry) – Pondicherry

  • Earlier the title of this territory was Pondicherry. It was modified to Puducherry on September 20, 2006
  • Puducherry is healthier often called the ‘White city’
  • Puducherry celebrates Independence Day on August 16, whereas the remainder of the nation celebrates it on August 15
  • The previous capital to Puducherry was Madras.

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